FMP journal 32

FMP reflective journal

Thursday 11/5/17

Today I went into college to use some of the printing facilities for more experimentation. I wanted to try out different surfaces to print on before I definitely decided on what to use in my final piece, this would ensure my final outcome is the best it can be.


Using the same screen I had previously used in experimentation with this process, this time I printed onto a sheer fabric.


I really liked the effect of this and how the print became slightly faded making it harder to read. I think this would be interesting to try out alongside the technique of layering writing to make the writing become even more illegible. I also liked how when the fabric hung and folded other parts of the writing could be seen through the fabric.

I then experimented on canvas which I thought gave a nice textural effect to the print. However I don’t think this material would fit in well with my project as I think I like the effect of hanging fabrics and this wouldn’t necessarily work as well.


To experiment further I layered the sheet fabric on top of the canvas print which I thought was really effective. I liked the combination of the two and how it created a really interesting layered effect. This could be something I consider for part of my final piece possibly including it in a collage of some sort.


I then worked on another fabric similar to calico which did give a nice effect but some of the ink ran and smudged a little.


I also experimented on tissue paper as I thought this could be interesting for a similar see through effect of the sheer fabric. However it was much to delicate as when I pulled the screen off part of the paper ripped. This is a surface I don’t think I will re-use in my final piece.


Finally I tried another sheer fabric which again gave another really nice effect.


This time I also tried a bit of layering which worked well on this surface. I think that using a couple of pieces of sheer fabric in my exhibition alongside a more dense fabric such as cotton would provide a nice contrast and add a lot more interest to my work.

I found this experimentation really useful as I now know which surfaces work best with print so I can decide on what I will use in my final piece.

FMP journal 30

FMP reflective journal

Monday 8/5/17

Today I did some printing with the screen I made last week. I started by creating a simple black print repeating the design.


This one was on white card. Parts of it was a bit more messy than I had hoped but this is a really simple and easy way to get a detailed design as a print.


I also did the design in black on fabric which I really liked the effect of.


After leaving this to dry for a while I came back to add some coloured layers to my work. I created a pink ink and printed on top of the fabric piece I had done to give a layered effect. I was happy with how this turned out I really liked the effect of layering different colours, to add dimension and detail. 


I then did another layered piece on fabric this time being a bit more messy. I did a few laters using the remaining ink on the screen to give the faded effect. I also mixed together a couple of different shades of ink which I think worked well. As I have experimented with throughout my project I really like the effect of layering text.


I think through more practise the technique of screen printing got easier with better results. Therefore I will continue to experiment with this using different techniques as this is something I want to refine before I use it in my final piece. 

FMP journal 25

FMP reflective journal

Wednesday 26/04/17

Today I started by going back through my sketchbook and adding bits of annotation and presentation which I have missed out to make sure my sketchbook and research is complete as Sarah advised me to.

I have also done another artist research page on Miriam Londoño. She is an artist who uses writing in her art but in more of a 3D way, this is why I wanted to research her because I haven’t done anything 3D related so far. She used her work to communicate ideas such as migration, communication and social exclusion. She uses paper pulp as her medium and spreads it in a way that reflects writing then lets it harden created a strong sculptural surface. Due to the peculiarities of this writing technique the text becomes tangled and cannot be read fully.


One influence for her work is letters. She says the words become tangled making the writing illegible meaning she can work with intimate personal memories which I find an interesting concept. 


She also works from people’s names for example in this piece Trapped it is formed to the names of hundreds of people that were kidnapped in Columbia in 2008. I really like how the shadows from her pieces are created on the walls which really add to the effect of her 3D work. 


She also works from testimonies, in this one she includes the stories of 30 women displaced by violence in Columbia, each sheet of paper is a personal story. I really like how this one is hanging in a way that people can walk through it. This adds a really nice interactive element with the audience and art.


Another thing which inspires her is stories this one in particular is about immigrants from Columbia in Holland. 

I really like how she transforms pieces of writing into 3D pieces of art which can have interactive elements. He style is really interesting to me and I love the shadows that are created. This has inspired me to experiment with 3D elements within the experimentation of my own project.

FMP journal 24

FMP reflective journal

Tuesday 25/04/17

Today I began by doing some work in the style of Jackson Pollock. He uses the technique of dripping paint onto the canvas to create very expressive paintings. In order to experiment with this in my work I tried dripping the paint whilst writing the poem onto the page. 


To create this I watered down red and black acrylic paint and let it drip off of the palette knife whilst moving it in the motion of the words in the poem. This created the poem in a very abstract way because it doesn’t look much like a poem at all. However I find it interesting how when looking closely there are elements of writing and words which can be made out. Although not my favourite technique I have used so far I still like it as an abstract technique and I think it could be effective to try this combined with some of my more refined work.  

I have found some more interesting research from a arts newspaper I was given a while ago. It had a piece in it by Sally Morfill and Ana Čavić called The Naturalness of Strange Things. I decided to research into it further for this project. It is a series of works responding to Henri Michaux’s drawing Alphabet. Morfill (mis) translated some of Michaux’s writing work trying to capture unfamiliar graphic marks with the speed and fluidity of handwriting. I found this interesting as I have been looking at handwriting in a sense that can’t be read and is a form of mark making. These redrawn lines were also cut from vinyl sheets to turn into small scale sculptures. “Each of Čavić’s proms is a formation of meaningful, albeit tangled, writings out of the same set of meaningless (in the sense that they cannot be read and understoof as language) fragments of drawing. In their undoing- as the careful reader unpicks their legible forms and gleans meanings- the fluid peons revert back and forth between sculpture and concrete poetry, evading and sometimes defying any definition of reading.” This related to me because this links to my concept of allowing the reader/viewer to make their own meaning of my work and to unpick my work through looking for areas and elements they can read and make meaning from. This was useful as some extra background research to relate to my project and ideas.

Later today I had my progress tutorial with Sarah explaining what inbad done so far and where I was up to in my project. This was useful to go through my project and find out what needs to be added/made better. Overall she said she was happy with how my project was going which was great for reassurance for me as I have been getting a little bit stressed recently thinking I haven’t done enough and that I won’t get it all done. We spoke about what I should aim to do next and I now need to complete the final stages of my research ensuring that all my book is annotated to allow me to really start pulling together ideas. I’m also going to look at what I’ve done so far and find which areas are the best in my opinion and pull it all together working towards a final idea and outcome. I will do this by evaluating each area/piece and explore areas I like further possibly considering a combination of skills and techniques as well as ways of producing original pieces with my own style to work towards final outcomes. This really helped me to know what I need to be doing and working with now in order to push my project further and it gave me more confidence in my project. I am happy with where I am at and how I am moving forward into my own personal style. I have taken on board all of the advice Sarah has given me and this has motivated me to work really hard on what it is I am doing for the next couple of weeks.

FMP journal 23

FMP reflective journal

Monday 24/04/17

Today I began by creating another piece in the style of Simon Hantai in my sketchbook.


I used a wide range of different pens and pencils for this one layering the writing up each time. I did this to experiment even further with looking into colour. I liked the effect of this one as I like the contrast of smaller more delicate writing on top of the thick marker pens. However I think the colour in this one might beat it too much, I think to improve I should just try to stick to one or two tones of the same colour rather than using a lot of different ones all together, I think this would be more effective. 

I then went on the computers to do some research as I was feeling a little bit lost for ideas. I went on to my Pinterest board full of ideas I have saved for this project to see if I could get some inspiration. I found a piece that I thought could link in well after my visual diary I created with my Scotland pictures. It was images from Kurt Jacksons sketchbook. He paints landscapes and in some of the paintings he includes annotations within the painting itself, making the writing become part of the art. I found this interesting as it incorporates the thoughts he was having at the time within the painting. He also calls his sketchbook his visual diary so I thought this would link nicely to my visual diary I created.



I then decided to work in a similar style to his with my photos from Scotland.




I created these by sticking down some of my favourite pictures from the trip in my sketchbook then working on top of and around these in a similar style to how Kurt Jackson works. I used acrylic paint with a palette knife and also some watercolour paint. I then worked on top of this by writing part of the diary I wrote that related to the picture on top to illustrate my feelings and thoughts that were happening whilst I was there. I found this useful because it challenged me to try out a technique that I have not used so far in this project and it is quite different to the rest of my work. I think overall they are successful as pieces however I do think I prefer the writing in my work when they are layered and a lot more scribbley because this gives the work much more abstract effect. I like the addition of visual elements such a photographs and think it can be effective however I think I prefer the simplicity of writing as art on its own without the addition of imagery. The focus of my project has been on writing as a significant form of art therefore I don’t want to steer away from that too much by introducing imagery. Therefore I think it would be better to just look at writing in my project rather than combining it with photos as this might take away some of the effect of the writing. However this was useful for me to explore and I do really like the technique of expressive painting and the colours used in this way.

I also found another artist on Pinterest that I want to include in my project, Miriam Londono. 





She creates lots of piece which include writing through using paper pulp to create a strong structure. She takes inspiration from stories, letters and names. I really like how she takes writing into a 3D element and this is something I think I could experiment with in my project.

FMP journal 22

FMP reflective journal

Wednesday 19/04/17

Whilst I was away in Scotland I kept a bit of a diary to record my thoughts, feelings and emotions on certain days. I also took a lot of photos when I was there and so this inspired me to create a sort of visual diary in my sketchbook. I did this because with looking at the theme of communication at the moment in my project I thought a diary would be a good way to look into this theme more. A diary is a way of writing down anything from what you have done in the day, how it made you feel, what this has changed about you and just any general thoughts, it’s a great way to record on paper what is going through your mind. I didn’t want the diary to just be recording what I did in the day while I was away instead I wanted it to be more about how I felt and emotions because I thought this would give the writing more of a poetic feel which is what I have been focusing on in my project so far. Today I constructed the ‘visual diary’ in my sketchbook by putting in certain photos that I took in my book and linking them to the piece of writing I created whilst I was there. I think this is a great way to physically store memories through a visual diary because even if you forget what has happened or how you were feeling at the time it will always be recorded physically in writing and imagery. I really like the link between written words and imagery in this way because I think it makes the work much more interesting as well as being easier to connect.





Moving forward I would like to work from these photos more in some way and possibly incorporate the writing from the diary in the art somehow. 

I think by including these photos and pieces of writing in my project really helps to give a personal element to my project as I have included my own feelings and emotions connected to a place through my own writing. This kind of work is very different to what I have been studying so far in my project however I think it is good to take into account and experiment with different areas including photography which I haven’t done much of so far, therefore I am happy with how this contributes to the progression of my project.

FMP journal 21

FMP reflective journal

Tuesday 18/04/17

Today I have started another element of research in my project which is looking at writing/language as a form of communication. I was inspired to do this because I found an interesting article about it online. It speaks about how significant language is and how important it is in society to create a sense of community as well as for  social aspects. It talks about how writing/language is both influenced by society and influences society itself. 



“Language is an actor that both shapes and is shaped by the social community in which it plays a significant role.”

I found the article really interesting and thought it would be a good way of adding a bit more depth to my research by adding this extra element. 

I then went on to create a mind map of ideas of how writing is used for communication. 


This included poetry, hand written letters, diaries, songs, stories etc.

Later today we got into groups of 4 with people we don’t usually speak to and talked them through our projects so far, showing them what we have done. I found this really useful because speaking about my ideas out loud to people really helps to make them clearer in my head, as well as this because I hadn’t really spoken to them about my project yet this helped to make me speak about my project in detail explaining all the links. They filled out feedback forms for me each which was useful because they all adviced me on things I could do to improve my project. I was told to look a finnegans wake to add more to my project, as well as Robert Rauchenbergs Erase de Kooning. They also advised me to looking into translating the poem I have been using into different languages/alphabets to give even more of an abstract element, and they told me to experiment with photography processes. So this was very useful. 

After this I went away with the advise I was given and did a bit more research. I thought that including Finnegans wake in my project would be a really good idea as it would just add even more depth and context to my work.

It is a piece of text written in normal English but doesn’t make any literal sense. This means it is left for each reader to make a different interpretation of their meaning. I thought this would fit in nicely with my project so I slotted it in with my earlier research with asemic writing. 


I also did some research on Robert Rauchenbergs Erase de Kooning and inserted this into my project where it was relevant again to show more context.

I then went on to google translate and put in the poem I have been using throughout my project translating it into different languages where they use different alphabets. I wanted to do this so that the words used different symbols for letters to really make sure that I wouldn’t be able to read them so that it is abstract work. I translated into Russian, Korean and Thai and I think I will would from these in similar ways to what I have done so far with the poem but see what affect different alphabets have.



I have found today really useful and think I have made a lot of progress within my project. I now feel like I am getting to where I want to be with my concept, and in order for my project to go further I now think I need to show more experimentation with methods and materials.

FMP journal 20

FMP reflective journal

Monday 17/04/17

Today I carried on with some more artist research. Firstly I did a couple of pages on Cy Twombly as he is an abstract artist. He creates many big painting which use mark making in a scribble-like technique much like what I have been practising with so far. Writing and language serve as major conceptual foundations for his abstract art. In addition to the written word in the form of poems and histories he also focused on the process of writing. He did this by sketching unidentifiable doodles as well as words directly onto the canvas. He also did a lot of line based compositions often inspired by handwriting. 



When in Scotland there was a book called ‘Art and Text’ in one of the galleries I visited and I came across his work in there which inspired me to research gym more.

His work has inspired me to create much bigger and more expressive pieces for this project and I really like how he uses a lot of continuous lines in his work which is also something I enjoy doing.

The next artist I went on to study today was Jackson Pollock, again because he is a very abstract artist which is how I am trying to push my project. My favourite pieces he did was his ‘drip paintings’ because it gives his work such a free sense much like some of the work I did previously on asemic writing. To create them he either put the canvas on the floor or against a wall and he would allow the paint to drip from the paint can and instead of using paint brushes he used knives to carve marks. This form of painting had direct relation to the artists emotions, expressions and mood as this influenced how he would allow the paint to drop. I really like this element as I think work which is somehow left to chance gives so much more meaning and is much more interesting to look at. 



I really like his work and how abstract it is because this leaves the work mainly up to interpretation for the audience which is something I hope to achieve. I would like to experiment with this dripping style in my own work possible trying it with writing as I think this could be an interesting method. I also really like his use of bold colour. 

By studying these two artists I have realised that I really want my project to be abstract in some way. I want it to still vaguely look like writing and still have a sense of being written words, however I want them to have a strong element of mark making and abstract expression as this is what I find most visually stimulating for myself. 

FMP journal 19

FMP reflective journal

Sunday 16/04/17

Continuing with my experimentation with layering I have done some more artist research. This time I have looked at Idris Khan. 


He uses a lot of layered imagery through photography and drawing. He manipulates his photographs digitally giving them quite an eery and ghostly sense. Alongside his photography he also does a lot of work on layering up pieces of writing. He works a lot in black and white which is something I will experiment with as I often use a lot of colour. His works are a continuous process of creation and erasure, adding new layers whilst still retaining the traces of what has gone before. He is well known for his large scale works which techniques of layering are used to arrive at what might be considered the essence of an image and to create something entirely new through repetition. 

I like the fact the his works are created through erasing what he has done before and then working on top of this. I think this technique adds a really interesting element of a sense of history of what used to be present and only the faint remains can be viewed. I think this would be interesting for me to experiment with with my handwriting pieces. 


I firstly experimented by writing out the poem using black charcoal onto paper. I wrote out the poem three times in total and after each time I rubbed out the writing with my hands leaving only a faint remnants of writing. 


I then experimented again with chalk on black paper in the same technique. 


I finally experimented with coloured pastels.

Through this experimentation I found writing in this media quite difficult. It was quite hard to get a real sense of writing and words using chalk, pastel and charcoal and although I want my work to be abstract and not necessarily legible, I found this technique made the writing just messy marks. I prefer the effect of writing when it’s in a continuous line style and the words flow into each other and this was quite hard to achieve using this media. I like how the rubbing out of the words gives a slight ghostly sense to the pieces and these pieces are much more subtle than some of my other pieces. However I think I prefer the effect of bold pieces, where the writing flows much more creating a much more visually pleasing pattern/effect in my opinion. This technique was a good way for me to experiment and it was useful in helping me to realise what sort of style I think I prefer however I don’t think I will be using this media again in this project as I am not as happy with this outcome as I have been with other pieces of my work. I may try the rubbing out technique again using medias such as pencil and oil pastel as I still find this technique really interesting. 

FMP journal 18

FMP reflective journal

Saturday 15/04/17

Another artist research I have done is on Simon Hantai who is a French artist. 


He created a canvas over the period of a year and he wrote and rewrote texts that were dear to him, day after day on the huge canvas. He superimposed and layered the texts until they were illegible, using inks of different colours which created the pink colour that appears mostly. I wanted to study his work because I liked how he uses a lot of layering of writing which makes the writing become illegible lines and scribbles similar to what I have been experimenting with so far. I was also attracted to his use of colour as this is something that is really important to me in my own work so I want this to be prominent in my own work. 


I experimented in the same style as this artist. For this piece I wrote out the poem I have been using throughout my project being very expressive with the writing and layering up the writing over and over. I also used a range of different colours of marker pens to create this piece which I think was a successful technique as it gives the work much more of an artistic feel. I am happy with how this piece turned out overall and I think I will experiment further with this styles possibly trying with more colours, scales and materials. 




I then experimented with layering in a different way through the use of tracing paper to give an extra layer of writing. I firstly did a piece of writing in a similar style as before straight onto the page using black pen, and coloured markers. I then did another piece of writing on a piece of tracing paper using black marker and different coloured markers. I think this layered affect was a good experiment and gave a good effect. I like how some of the text is visible underneath through the tracing paper which gives the piece more depth. I also think this technique helps to make the writing much more illegible which is the effect I am looking for.


More experimentation

I would also like to experiment with this on big a piece by doing pieces of writing each day in a similar style to how the artist worked as I think this would be interesting to experiment with.