FMP journal 26

FMP reflective journal

Monday 1/5/17

Today I have been trying to work towards coming up with ideas for my final piece. I know I want my final piece to encompass some sort of abstract pattern creating through the technique of writing and layering as I have experimented with throughout my project, but I wasn’t sure of what I wanted this pattern to be on or how I wanted to present this as a final outcome. I went to Pinterest for inspiration and found some piece that interested me.

I really liked this style of hanging a number of pieces of fabric in this way. I think it is simple but really effective. I also think that doing this shows how beautiful each piece of fabric is but also as a whole all pieces together work really nicely as a final outcome. This inspired me to think that a good way to present my patterns is on fabric hanging in this way. I think this would really tie in with my project well as I have looked at a range of textiles artists but I also like how hanging in this way gives more of a 3D feel to the work rather than it being flat against the surface. 

I then began looking into ways I could create some textiles pieces like this and I thought screen printing would be the best way to get an accurate and detailed pattern. So I researched more into screen printing processes and how I could do this from home as we don’t have the facilities for it at college and doing it at home would enable me to spend more time on it. 

I found a video on YouTube where a girl spoke about how to do screen printing from home including creating the screen. This was really useful as she explained it in a really simple way at the same time as demonstrating how it’s done. This helped me to realise that it’s something that I could realistically do myself.

She also attached a PDF document to the video explaining in even more detail how to do it with diagrams and including lists of what equipment and products are needed.

I found this research really helpful to give me more of a clear idea of what I will be working towards. I am going to start experimenting with print processes and eventually move onto screen printing for my final piece.


FMP journal 25

FMP reflective journal

Wednesday 26/04/17

Today I started by going back through my sketchbook and adding bits of annotation and presentation which I have missed out to make sure my sketchbook and research is complete as Sarah advised me to.

I have also done another artist research page on Miriam Londoño. She is an artist who uses writing in her art but in more of a 3D way, this is why I wanted to research her because I haven’t done anything 3D related so far. She used her work to communicate ideas such as migration, communication and social exclusion. She uses paper pulp as her medium and spreads it in a way that reflects writing then lets it harden created a strong sculptural surface. Due to the peculiarities of this writing technique the text becomes tangled and cannot be read fully.

One influence for her work is letters. She says the words become tangled making the writing illegible meaning she can work with intimate personal memories which I find an interesting concept. 

She also works from people’s names for example in this piece Trapped it is formed to the names of hundreds of people that were kidnapped in Columbia in 2008. I really like how the shadows from her pieces are created on the walls which really add to the effect of her 3D work. 

She also works from testimonies, in this one she includes the stories of 30 women displaced by violence in Columbia, each sheet of paper is a personal story. I really like how this one is hanging in a way that people can walk through it. This adds a really nice interactive element with the audience and art.

Another thing which inspires her is stories this one in particular is about immigrants from Columbia in Holland. 

I really like how she transforms pieces of writing into 3D pieces of art which can have interactive elements. He style is really interesting to me and I love the shadows that are created. This has inspired me to experiment with 3D elements within the experimentation of my own project.

FMP journal 24

FMP reflective journal

Tuesday 25/04/17

Today I began by doing some work in the style of Jackson Pollock. He uses the technique of dripping paint onto the canvas to create very expressive paintings. In order to experiment with this in my work I tried dripping the paint whilst writing the poem onto the page. 

To create this I watered down red and black acrylic paint and let it drip off of the palette knife whilst moving it in the motion of the words in the poem. This created the poem in a very abstract way because it doesn’t look much like a poem at all. However I find it interesting how when looking closely there are elements of writing and words which can be made out. Although not my favourite technique I have used so far I still like it as an abstract technique and I think it could be effective to try this combined with some of my more refined work.  

I have found some more interesting research from a arts newspaper I was given a while ago. It had a piece in it by Sally Morfill and Ana Čavić called The Naturalness of Strange Things. I decided to research into it further for this project. It is a series of works responding to Henri Michaux’s drawing Alphabet. Morfill (mis) translated some of Michaux’s writing work trying to capture unfamiliar graphic marks with the speed and fluidity of handwriting. I found this interesting as I have been looking at handwriting in a sense that can’t be read and is a form of mark making. These redrawn lines were also cut from vinyl sheets to turn into small scale sculptures. “Each of Čavić’s proms is a formation of meaningful, albeit tangled, writings out of the same set of meaningless (in the sense that they cannot be read and understoof as language) fragments of drawing. In their undoing- as the careful reader unpicks their legible forms and gleans meanings- the fluid peons revert back and forth between sculpture and concrete poetry, evading and sometimes defying any definition of reading.” This related to me because this links to my concept of allowing the reader/viewer to make their own meaning of my work and to unpick my work through looking for areas and elements they can read and make meaning from. This was useful as some extra background research to relate to my project and ideas.

Later today I had my progress tutorial with Sarah explaining what inbad done so far and where I was up to in my project. This was useful to go through my project and find out what needs to be added/made better. Overall she said she was happy with how my project was going which was great for reassurance for me as I have been getting a little bit stressed recently thinking I haven’t done enough and that I won’t get it all done. We spoke about what I should aim to do next and I now need to complete the final stages of my research ensuring that all my book is annotated to allow me to really start pulling together ideas. I’m also going to look at what I’ve done so far and find which areas are the best in my opinion and pull it all together working towards a final idea and outcome. I will do this by evaluating each area/piece and explore areas I like further possibly considering a combination of skills and techniques as well as ways of producing original pieces with my own style to work towards final outcomes. This really helped me to know what I need to be doing and working with now in order to push my project further and it gave me more confidence in my project. I am happy with where I am at and how I am moving forward into my own personal style. I have taken on board all of the advice Sarah has given me and this has motivated me to work really hard on what it is I am doing for the next couple of weeks.

FMP journal 22

FMP reflective journal

Wednesday 19/04/17

Whilst I was away in Scotland I kept a bit of a diary to record my thoughts, feelings and emotions on certain days. I also took a lot of photos when I was there and so this inspired me to create a sort of visual diary in my sketchbook. I did this because with looking at the theme of communication at the moment in my project I thought a diary would be a good way to look into this theme more. A diary is a way of writing down anything from what you have done in the day, how it made you feel, what this has changed about you and just any general thoughts, it’s a great way to record on paper what is going through your mind. I didn’t want the diary to just be recording what I did in the day while I was away instead I wanted it to be more about how I felt and emotions because I thought this would give the writing more of a poetic feel which is what I have been focusing on in my project so far. Today I constructed the ‘visual diary’ in my sketchbook by putting in certain photos that I took in my book and linking them to the piece of writing I created whilst I was there. I think this is a great way to physically store memories through a visual diary because even if you forget what has happened or how you were feeling at the time it will always be recorded physically in writing and imagery. I really like the link between written words and imagery in this way because I think it makes the work much more interesting as well as being easier to connect.

Moving forward I would like to work from these photos more in some way and possibly incorporate the writing from the diary in the art somehow. 

I think by including these photos and pieces of writing in my project really helps to give a personal element to my project as I have included my own feelings and emotions connected to a place through my own writing. This kind of work is very different to what I have been studying so far in my project however I think it is good to take into account and experiment with different areas including photography which I haven’t done much of so far, therefore I am happy with how this contributes to the progression of my project.

FMP journal 21

FMP reflective journal

Tuesday 18/04/17

Today I have started another element of research in my project which is looking at writing/language as a form of communication. I was inspired to do this because I found an interesting article about it online. It speaks about how significant language is and how important it is in society to create a sense of community as well as for  social aspects. It talks about how writing/language is both influenced by society and influences society itself. 

“Language is an actor that both shapes and is shaped by the social community in which it plays a significant role.”

I found the article really interesting and thought it would be a good way of adding a bit more depth to my research by adding this extra element. 

I then went on to create a mind map of ideas of how writing is used for communication. 

This included poetry, hand written letters, diaries, songs, stories etc.

Later today we got into groups of 4 with people we don’t usually speak to and talked them through our projects so far, showing them what we have done. I found this really useful because speaking about my ideas out loud to people really helps to make them clearer in my head, as well as this because I hadn’t really spoken to them about my project yet this helped to make me speak about my project in detail explaining all the links. They filled out feedback forms for me each which was useful because they all adviced me on things I could do to improve my project. I was told to look a finnegans wake to add more to my project, as well as Robert Rauchenbergs Erase de Kooning. They also advised me to looking into translating the poem I have been using into different languages/alphabets to give even more of an abstract element, and they told me to experiment with photography processes. So this was very useful. 

After this I went away with the advise I was given and did a bit more research. I thought that including Finnegans wake in my project would be a really good idea as it would just add even more depth and context to my work.

It is a piece of text written in normal English but doesn’t make any literal sense. This means it is left for each reader to make a different interpretation of their meaning. I thought this would fit in nicely with my project so I slotted it in with my earlier research with asemic writing. 

I also did some research on Robert Rauchenbergs Erase de Kooning and inserted this into my project where it was relevant again to show more context.

I then went on to google translate and put in the poem I have been using throughout my project translating it into different languages where they use different alphabets. I wanted to do this so that the words used different symbols for letters to really make sure that I wouldn’t be able to read them so that it is abstract work. I translated into Russian, Korean and Thai and I think I will would from these in similar ways to what I have done so far with the poem but see what affect different alphabets have.

I have found today really useful and think I have made a lot of progress within my project. I now feel like I am getting to where I want to be with my concept, and in order for my project to go further I now think I need to show more experimentation with methods and materials.

FMP journal 17

FMP reflective journal

Friday 14/04/17

Leading on from my work looking at asemic writing and studying abstract art in this way I was more interested in how the viewers play a part in making the meaning. In the definition of asemic writing is says that the reader is left to make their own interpretation of the text and decided what it means to them, therefore they become part of the creation of the meaning of the work. I wanted to investigate this further and how the viewer has such an important role in the meaning of work. When researching into this more I found a piece of writing by Roland Barthes- The Death of the Author. 

Roland Barthes is a French literary critic and theorist and in his essay he argues against the method of reading andcriticises aspects of the authors identity- their political views, religion, psychology to define an ‘explanation’ of the text is flawed. He says “to give a text an author” and assign a single interpretation to it “is to impose a limit on that text.” He argues that readers must separate a literary work from its creator in order to liberate the text from strict interpretation. The essential meaning of a work according to Roland Barthes depends on the impressions of the reader, rather than the passions and tastes of the writer. “A texts unity lies not in its origins” or it’s creator, “but in its destination” in other words it’s audience. He says that the author exists to produce but not to explain the work and therefore once the work is finished this becomes the death of the author and the birth of the reader. 

I really found reading this text insightful and I think it is an interesting concept. This has inspired me because within the creation of my work I want the audience to be able to individually interpret my work. I think this makes the art much more interesting if there is the opportunity for there to be many different meanings. By including this reading in my work I think it has added much more depth to my project because it shows there is much more conceptual thinking behind my ideas. 

FMP journal 16

FMP reflective journal

Wednesday 12/04/17

Today I visited a gallery whilst I’m on a trip to Scotland called Dundee Contemporary Arts. There was an exhibition Mark Wallinger Mark by Turner prize winner Mark Wallinger.

The part of the exhibition I was most interested with was the id Paintings. They are the record of actions that appear to be intuitive and instinctive echoing the primal and impulsive characteristics of the id. The id is an idea put forward by pyschoanalist Freud who said that the id is driven by the pleasure principle and is the source of all psychic energy. The large paintings have come from Wallingers self portrait series and they reference his own body. His height and arm span is the basis of the canvas size. He used symmetrical bodily gestures on the two halves of the canvas to mirror one another. This gives the paintings a sense of the Rorschach test which is another link to psychology. The Rorschach test is a technique used by psychologists where someone is given a collection of ink blots and asked to say what they see/how they interpret it. This is then used and analysed to reveal characteristics of the persons mind. He used great sweeping motions with paint on his hands to create these paintings in an active and free way. There are areas on the paintings where the finger prints are visible recording how it is a reflection of the artist himself. The viewer is allowed to recognise figures and shapes within the paintings and therefore reveals their own desires much like in a Rorschach test. 

I really liked this exhibition and I think it can link to my project quite well. I like how the main objective of the paintings is to allow the viewer to make their own interpretation of what they see and therefore making their own meaning. This is something I am trying to achieve with my own work. I also really like how the paintings are created by free, sweeping motions from the artist therefore creating a painting where the artist isn’t conscious of the final outcome, instead the art reflects in some way a subconscious thought from the artist. 

This has inspired me to be much more free with my work and possibly experiment with working on a larger scale.

FMP journal 15

FMP reflective journal

Wednesday 5/04/17

Today I have again moved onto another artist research this time looking at Italian calligrapher Francesca Biasetton. She “is an illustrator who loves the alphabet, but also a calligrapher who loves to draw.” I chose to look at her because she is another artist that uses a lot of asemic writing in her work. She works mainly in black and white but in a very big and expressive manner.

I began by creating black areas on the page using ink and a big brush in a sweeping motion and then worked on top of this in white pen in a continuous line ‘scribbling’ motion to try and recreate some of her work. I also continued the lines with black pen to replicate how the artist works. 

I like the abstract nature of these pieces. 

I then wanted to experiment with a technique I had used before but continuing the theme of black and white from this artist. 

I wrote out the same poem as throughout the project on black paper using white pen and layered the writing on top of each other making the words become marks and lines rather than legible words. I liked the effect of this and I think combined with the contrast of the black and white I think this made the piece quite striking.

I then experimented again with a technique I had used before, transferring it to the black and white technique.

I wrote out the poem twice over in a block of text leaving no spaces between words and lines which is what I had done with a previous artist and really liked the effect of it. I then went over this with expressive mark making with white pen. And I like the minimal effect of this with the black and white and the structured block of text contrasted with the expressive marks. 

I then went on to be a lot more expressive with the marks which is a lot more like how Francesca Biasetton works.

I created large marks and lines with a big brush and black ink and then wrote a small quote of the poem within this in ink.

I liked the experimentation with black and white however I think I prefer art work with a hint of colour as I think this creates a much more effective outcome. However I would like to experiment further with expressive techniques on a much larger scale out of my sketchbook like this artist does, as this will allow me to be much more free with the marks I make. 

FMP journal 14

FMP reflective journal

Tuesday 4/04/17

Today I moved onto another artist research page in my sketchbook. This time I was researching J.B.Murray who was a self taught artist. He originally was an illiterate sharecropper who had a religious vision which lead him to create many abstract piece of art and asemic script. He claimed that God told him to create the letters and it was the language of the Holy Spirit. He worked with continuous line and mark making, where he let the weight of the instrument define the mark. He rotated the paper, did it with his eyes shut and swapped hands. His work contains a lot of ambiguity as it isn’t certain which way round the work should be viewed and there isn’t any specific meaningful content to the work. Therefore his work can be different to anyone and is accessible to all regardless of their language. I really like this element to his work as the art could mean something completely different to one person as it does to someone else. This is something that I would love to achieve in my own artwork.

I then began creating some of my own pieces working in the same way. I researched that ‘automatic writing’ is an alleged psychic ability to produce written words without any conscious thought. This is what I thought I would try to get a sense of the technique J.B. Murray uses. 

For this first piece I used black marker pen over areas of tissue paper stuck down. I didn’t consciously think about what shapes/letters I wanted to create instead I just let my hand flow freely and let the pen take control of what was created. 

I then used red pencil, pink fine liner and black marker for this one because I wanted to try and add some colour to this work. I started by creating small shapes/marks with the red pencil and the pink fine liner. Again I wasn’t consciously thinking about what I was creating but letting the object take control. I think it is interesting that this turned out much more controlled and smaller because the pen/pencil I used for this part was a lot smaller than the previous black marker I used, this could be the reason for the smaller effect. At moments I closed my eyes and turned the page round writing on top of what I had already done, as well as trying bigger marks with the red pencil. I then worked on top of this with the same black marker as before and again the motions and marks became much bigger and expressive. This time the marks were very straight and linear, in a continuous line style.

For this last piece I used the same technique again of subconsciously writing/mark making through changing direction of the paper and closing my eyes. I used a combination of pink marker, black marker and black fine liner. This time the marks were all over the page rather than horizontal lines like usual writing would be, I think this makes this piece a lot less writing and can be viewed much more easily as art/pattern. As well as this I found that this time I used a lot more continuous lines rather than broken up shapes which also helped to give more of a arty feel to this piece rather than singular shapes which resemble letters. 

Overall I really like how these turned out as I think they are really abstract. I’d like the continue with this technique or similar techniques throughout my project as I think the combination of expressive work with pieces of writing can be really effective. I think it would be useful to try this technique with different mediums as well including paint and maybe collage. 

FMP journal 13


Monday 3/04/17

Today I started my work on an artist linked to my more abstract asemic writing area of research. 

Nancy Crawford is an artist who uses a lot of abstract calligraphy in her work.she focuses a lot on mark making and her work is both legible and illegible. She experiments with layering up of texts/writing and writes with no spaces in between each word or each line creating blocks of text usually in square shapes. 

I wanted to experiment with this kind of technique myself, so I wrote out the same poem I have been using throughout my project I the style of the artist. 

Firstly I drew a square on the page and wrote out the poem twice to fill the square but using no spaces within the writing. To do this I used black ink. I like the effect of not using any spaces because this is a way to take away the sense of reading the words making the work much more artistic and abstract. 

I then experimented with repeating the same quote from the poem over and over in the same style with no spaces. This time I used a black ink pen and I also added a hint of colour with a stroke of red ink. This time I found myself being much more expressive with the writing and letting my hand become a lot more free which I think was successful because it resulted in this piece being a lot more abstract as the words are a lot less legible. I also like how the addition of colour can make the work much more artistic.

I then repeated the exact quote again using the same pen however this time I dipped the pen into black ink on several occasions to add more depth and definition to areas of the writing. I like the effect of this as sometimes the ink smudged but this added a bit more abstract effect to some areas. I then wrote on top of this using red ink to add some colour. 

I finally wrote out the whole poem with bright pink ink using a thick paint brush. By using this brush it was a lot harder to write with and this resulted in the definition of the letters being lost, I liked this for the abstract effect however it made the work quite blocky without much artistic effect. I then wrote a small part of the poem on top in black ink with a smaller brush being much more expressive with long strokes the give more abstract effect.

Overall I was happy with how these pieces turned out and I think I experimented with a few different techniques. I like the effect of writing a piece of text in a block without and spaces as I think this makes the writing become much more like a piece of art rather than a legible text. I also like the effect of the addition of small areas of colour as I think this really helps to give the work a more bold and striking effect.